Heger-Leeuwarden family

Mathilde (Tilly) Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and Nathan Heger (1876-1942): deported from Delmenhorst and murdered in Minsk

Mathilde Leeuwarden was born in Delmenhorst (near Bremen, Germany) on January 2, 1881, She was the daughter of my great-great-grandparents: Levi Nathan Leeuwarden (1843-1904) and Rosette Polack (1846-1904). She was a sister of my great-grandmother Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden (1877-1952).

Mathilde married in Delmenhorst (D), around 1926 "Schneidemeister" Nathan Heinrich Heger, born in Delmenhorst (D) on May 21, 1876.
Mathilde was an (unmarried?) mother of Julius. Julius emigrated to Australia in 1928 (and perhaps another country?). I was never able to trace him back. I am not even sure about his last name.

Nathan Heger (1876-1942) had three Children from a previous marriage with Mina Clara Heger-Thiele (1878-1925) From this relationship, the following children were born:
  1. Richard Karl Heinrich (Henry) Heger (1905-1937)
  2. Friedrich Wilhelm (Willy) Heger. He was born in Delmenhorst (D) in 1907.Occupation: "Schneider". He lived in Chile since 1938.
  3. Alfred Richard (Richard) Heger (1911-1979)

Mathilde and Nathan lived with her husband in Delmenhorst, where they were members of the "Jüdische Gemeinde Delmenhorst".

Richard, the eldest son of Nathan was disinherited first, sometime after, also Richard. Only Willy was not disinherited. Henry was one of the earliest, and leading, figures of the SS in Nord-West Germany. Also an early member of the NSDAP. Het signed several anti-Jewish measures. Around 1936 one of his fellow SS-comrades found out that he was actually 25% Jewish ("clean" ancestry until 1750 was required!). He was degraded, but not expelled (no one knows why). He died in 1937 due to an infection and was buried in Bremen with full SS-honour.
His brother was kicked out of the officers training when they found out about his Jewish ancestry.
Willy emigrated on 22 mei 1939 from Delmenhorst to Valparaiso (Chile). From there, he tried to get his father Nathan and Mathilde to Chile, but did not succeed.

When the persecution of the Jews broke out, she refused to flee. It seemed to her it would be illogical, because she had received the Iron Cross
On April 4, 1940 she was deported with her husband Nathan Heger to Bremen. Before the gas chambers were installed, Minsk (Belarus) was an important site for the Nazis to send Jews to. On November 17, 1941 they were deported from Bremen to Minsk on a Gestapo organized transport.. This transport included about 35 people from Delmenhorst. From November 1941 until October 1942, the Germans deported over 35,000 Jews from the Reich to Belarus (Minsk Ghetto). Many of them were already murdered in 1941.
The "General Kommissar" Kube reported on July 31, 1942: "In the city of Minsk, on July 28 and 29 1942, 10.000 Jews were liquidated, including 6500 Russian Jews, mostly from Vienna, Brünn, Bremen and Berlin who were sent to Minsk in November last year on command of the Führer.

Few of the 90,000 Jews in Minsk have survived the war. This information is based on a list of victims from Germany found in: "Gedenkbuch - Opfer der Verfolgung der Juden in Deutschland unter der Nationalsozialistische Gewaltherrschaft 1933-1945", Bundesarchiv (Germantown National Archives), Koblenz 1986. and "Geschichte der Delmenhorster Juden 1695-1945" by Enno Meyer.

Several years ago Dr. Werners Meiners published published two articles in which they occur.

Meiners – Familienforschung in Zeiten von „Abstammungsnachweis“ und „Judenkartei“– GERMAN
Delmenhorster Zeitung 2011 GERMAN

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Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden and her husband Nathan Heger.
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Julius, son of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden with his cousin and good friend Hans Lehmkuhl (1908-1992) . They spent many summers together. Julius looks like to be born around 1908 also.
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Julius, son of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden
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Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden and her husband Nathan Heger.
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Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden
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Hans Lehmkuhl, Henry Heger (in his very early SS-uniform), Tilly Heger, Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden, Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl, Nathan Heger; around 1925/26
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Delmenhorst 1935: “Jews enter Delmenhorst on their own risk”
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Willy, Mathilde and Nathan Heger, Delmenhorst, summer 1938
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Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden
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Henry Heger (1905-1937), son of Nathan Heger
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Henry Heger (1905-1937), son of Nathan Heger
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Mathilde en Nathan Heger
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Wangerooge: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden
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Mathilde, Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden and Nathan Heger. Delmenhorst, summer 1938
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Roschen Levy-Leeuwarden and her sister Mathilde (Tilly) Heger- Leeuwarden, Wangerooge 1925
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Nathan and Willy Heger, Delmenhorst, summer 1938
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Julius and Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden
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Julius, Mathilde and Nathan Heger
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There home in the Scharnhorststraße 121 in Bremen, where they had to live, after being expelled from Delmenhorst. From there they were deported to Minsk (Belarus).
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Stolpersteine in front of their home on the Scharnhorststraße 121 in Bremen