Heger-Leeuwarden family

Mathilde (Tilly) Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and Nathan Heger (1876-1942): deported from Delmenhorst and murdered in Minsk

Mathilde Leeuwarden was born in Delmenhorst (near Bremen, Germany) on January 2, 1881, She was the daughter of my great-great-grandparents: Levi Nathan Leeuwarden (1843-1904) and Rosette Polack (1846-1904). She was a sister of my great-grandmother Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden (1877-1952).

Mathilde married in Delmenhorst (D), around 1926 "Schneidemeister" Nathan Heinrich Heger, born in Delmenhorst (D) on May 21, 1876.
Mathilde was an (unmarried?) mother of Julius. Julius emigrated to Australia in 1928 (and perhaps another country?). I was never able to trace him back. I am not even sure about his last name.

Nathan Heger (1876-1942) had three Children from a previous marriage with Mina Clara Heger-Thiele (1878-1925) From this relationship, the following children were born:
  1. Richard Karl Heinrich (Henry) Heger (1905-1937)
  2. Friedrich Wilhelm (Willy) Heger. He was born in Delmenhorst (D) in 1907.Occupation: "Schneider". He lived in Chile since 1938.
  3. Alfred Richard (Richard) Heger (1911-1979)

Mathilde and Nathan lived with her husband in Delmenhorst, where they were members of the "Jüdische Gemeinde Delmenhorst".

Richard, the eldest son of Nathan was disinherited first, sometime after, also Richard. Only Willy was not disinherited. Henry was one of the earliest, and leading, figures of the SS in Nord-West Germany. Also an early member of the NSDAP. Het signed several anti-Jewish measures. Around 1936 one of his fellow SS-comrades found out that he was actually 25% Jewish ("clean" ancestry until 1750 was required!). He was degraded, but not expelled (no one knows why). He died in 1937 due to an infection and was buried in Bremen with full SS-honour.
His brother was kicked out of the officers training when they found out about his Jewish ancestry.
Willy emigrated on 22 mei 1939 from Delmenhorst to Valparaiso (Chile). From there, he tried to get his father Nathan and Mathilde to Chile, but did not succeed.

When the persecution of the Jews broke out, she refused to flee. It seemed to her it would be illogical, because she had received the Iron Cross
On April 4, 1940 she was deported with her husband Nathan Heger to Bremen. Before the gas chambers were installed, Minsk (Belarus) was an important site for the Nazis to send Jews to. On November 17, 1941 they were deported from Bremen to Minsk on a Gestapo organized transport.. This transport included about 35 people from Delmenhorst. From November 1941 until October 1942, the Germans deported over 35,000 Jews from the Reich to Belarus (Minsk Ghetto). Many of them were already murdered in 1941.
The "General Kommissar" Kube reported on July 31, 1942: "In the city of Minsk, on July 28 and 29 1942, 10.000 Jews were liquidated, including 6500 Russian Jews, mostly from Vienna, Brünn, Bremen and Berlin who were sent to Minsk in November last year on command of the F
ührer.

Few of the 90,000 Jews in Minsk have survived the war. This information is based on a list of victims from Germany found in: "Gedenkbuch - Opfer der Verfolgung der Juden in Deutschland unter der Nationalsozialistische Gewaltherrschaft 1933-1945", Bundesarchiv (Germantown National Archives), Koblenz 1986. and "Geschichte der Delmenhorster Juden 1695-1945" by Enno Meyer.

Several years ago Dr. Werners Meiners published published two articles in which they occur.

Meiners – Familienforschung in Zeiten von „Abstammungsnachweis“ und „Judenkartei“– GERMAN
Delmenhorster Zeitung 2011 GERMAN

Parents of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (my great-great-grandparents): Levi Nathan Leeuwarden (1843-1904) and Rossette Leeuwarden-Polack (1846-1900).
Parents of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (my great-great-grandparents): Levi Nathan Leeuwarden (1843-1904) and Rossette Leeuwarden-Polack (1846-1900).
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Four sisters: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden, Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden, Lenchen Goldschmidt-Leeuwarden  and Henny Willig-Leeuwarden.
Four sisters: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden, Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden, Lenchen Goldschmidt-Leeuwarden and Henny Willig-Leeuwarden.
Omstreeks 1915: Strandfoto genomen in Wangerooge. Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl met schep; 3e rechts voor Gretchen;
Omstreeks 1915: Strandfoto genomen in Wangerooge. Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl met schep; 3e rechts voor Gretchen;
Julius, son of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden with his cousin and good friend Hans Lehmkuhl (1908-1992) . They spent many summers together. Julius looks like to be born around 1908 also.
Julius, son of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden with his cousin and good friend Hans Lehmkuhl (1908-1992) . They spent many summers together. Julius looks like to be born around 1908 also.
Julius b. around 1908, son of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden. Son of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden. I don't know who his father is. Perhaps Nathan Heger (1876-1942) was his pre-marital illegimate father, but I simply don't know. Julius emigrated to Australia (so I heard, but never had contact with the family).
Julius b. around 1908, son of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden. Son of Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden. I don't know who his father is. Perhaps Nathan Heger (1876-1942) was his pre-marital illegimate father, but I simply don't know. Julius emigrated to Australia (so I heard, but never had contact with the family).
Villa Rosa on the beautiful island of Wangerooge (Germany), owned by her sister Röschen Levy-Leeuwarden and brother in law Moritz Levy where the family spend a lot of summer holidays. The building (Zedeliusstraße 32) was demolished in the 1980's.
Villa Rosa on the beautiful island of Wangerooge (Germany), owned by her sister Röschen Levy-Leeuwarden and brother in law Moritz Levy where the family spend a lot of summer holidays. The building (Zedeliusstraße 32) was demolished in the 1980's.
Winter 1926?: Oma Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl (midden met haar tante Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (l) en moeder Gretchen (r)
Winter 1926?: Oma Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl (midden met haar tante Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (l) en moeder Gretchen (r)
oma Rose met haar tante Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden. Omstreeks 1920?
oma Rose met haar tante Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden. Omstreeks 1920?
1925: Grandmother Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl and her cousins Willy Heger en Julius (Heger?/Leeuwarden?).
1925: Grandmother Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl and her cousins Willy Heger en Julius (Heger?/Leeuwarden?).
Wangerooge, summer 1925: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Wangerooge, summer 1925: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Roschen Levy-Leeuwarden and her sister Mathilde (Tilly) Heger- Leeuwarden, Wangerooge 1925
Roschen Levy-Leeuwarden and her sister Mathilde (Tilly) Heger- Leeuwarden, Wangerooge 1925
Mina Clara Heger (1878-1925); first wife of Nathan Heger.
Mina Clara Heger (1878-1925); first wife of Nathan Heger.
Julius, Mathilde and Nathan Heger
Julius, Mathilde and Nathan Heger
Hans Lehmkuhl, Henry Heger (in his very early SS-uniform), Tilly Heger, Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden, Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl, Nathan Heger; around 1925/26
Hans Lehmkuhl, Henry Heger (in his very early SS-uniform), Tilly Heger, Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden, Rose Hugenholtz-Lehmkuhl, Nathan Heger; around 1925/26
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her husband Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her husband Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Willy, Mathilde and Nathan Heger, Delmenhorst, summer 1938.
Willy, Mathilde and Nathan Heger, Delmenhorst, summer 1938.
Julius and Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden
Julius and Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden
A short description about the image goes here
A short description about the image goes here
Henry Heger (1905-1937), son of Nathan Heger
Henry Heger (1905-1937), son of Nathan Heger
Delmenhorst 1935: “Jews enter Delmenhorst on their own risk”
Delmenhorst 1935: “Jews enter Delmenhorst on their own risk”
Family reunion with her sister and brother in law, probably around 1938: left to right: Nathan Heger, Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden, Rudolf Willig, Henny Willig Leeuwarden.
Family reunion with her sister and brother in law, probably around 1938: left to right: Nathan Heger, Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden, Rudolf Willig, Henny Willig Leeuwarden.
A short description about the image goes here
A short description about the image goes here
Summer 1938: Visit of my great-grandmother to her sister Mathilde in Delmenhorst: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) her sister Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden (1877-1952), Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Summer 1938: Visit of my great-grandmother to her sister Mathilde in Delmenhorst: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) her sister Gretchen Lehmkuhl-Leeuwarden (1877-1952), Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Around 1938: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her husband Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Around 1938: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her husband Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
A short description about the image goes here
A short description about the image goes here
Around 1938: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her son Julius b. ca 1908
Around 1938: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her son Julius b. ca 1908
A short description about the image goes here
A short description about the image goes here
Around 1938: Willy Heger, Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her husband Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Around 1938: Willy Heger, Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her husband Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Around 1938: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Around 1938: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Around 1938: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her husband Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Around 1938: Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942) and her husband Nathan Heger (1876-1942).
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Mathilde Heger-Leeuwarden (1881-1942)
Nathan Heger and his son Willy Heger, Delmenhorst, summer 1938. Willy moved to Valparaoiso (Chili) around 1939. He desperately tried to get Nathan and Mathilde over to Chili, but didn't succees.
Nathan Heger and his son Willy Heger, Delmenhorst, summer 1938. Willy moved to Valparaoiso (Chili) around 1939. He desperately tried to get Nathan and Mathilde over to Chili, but didn't succees.
There home in the Scharnhorststraße 121 in Bremen, where they had to live, after being expelled from Delmenhorst. From there they were deported to Minsk (Belarus). Picture taken in 2011.
There home in the Scharnhorststraße 121 in Bremen, where they had to live, after being expelled from Delmenhorst. From there they were deported to Minsk (Belarus). Picture taken in 2011.
Stolpersteine in front of their last home on the  Scharnhorststraße 121 in Bremen, from wich they were deported to Minsk and murdered in 1942.
Stolpersteine in front of their last home on the Scharnhorststraße 121 in Bremen, from wich they were deported to Minsk and murdered in 1942.
My cousin Rosita Steenbeek has written a novel about our grandmother. The book is available in bookstores. A historical novel worth reading, regularly feature the rest of the family.
See my special page: “Rose” https://www.hugenholtz.net/rose/  This contains the hyperlinks of the persons who appear in the book and who have hteir own webpage.
My cousin Rosita Steenbeek has written a novel about our grandmother. The book is available in bookstores. A historical novel worth reading, regularly feature the rest of the family. See my special page: “Rose” https://www.hugenholtz.net/rose/ This contains the hyperlinks of the persons who appear in the book and who have hteir own webpage.